December the 7th, 2018, 10h30, salle des thèses at Faculté Jean Perrin.
This thesis studies a possible approach of artificial intelligence for detecting and filtering inconsistent information in knowledge bases of intelligent objects and components in ubiquitous computing. This approach is addressed from a practical point of view in the SAT framework;it is about implementing a techniques of filtering inconsistencies in contradictory bases. Several contributions are made in this thesis. Firstly, we have worked on the extraction of one maximal information set that must be satisfiable with multiple assumptive contexts. We have proposed an incremental approach for computing such a set (AC-MSS). Secondly, we were interested about the enumeration of maximal satisfiable sets (MSS) or their complementary minimal correction sets (MCS) of an unsatisfiable CNF instance. In this contribution, a technique is introduced that boosts the currently most efficient practical approaches to enumerate MCS. It implements a model rotation paradigm that allows the set of MCS to be computed in an heuristically efficient way. Finally, we have studied a notion of consensus to reconcile several sources of information. This form of consensus can obey various preference criteria, including maximality one. We have then developed an incremental algorithm for computing one maximal consensus with respect to set-theoretical inclusion. We have also introduced and studied the concept of admissible consensus that refines the initial concept of consensus.